Chronic Conditions

Chronic Conditions

Diabetes

Diabetes is a health condition in which your body can’t make enough insulin or it can’t use its own insulin to break down sugar in your body. This is concerning because the food you eat is turned into sugar and cells in your body change sugar (glucose) into energy. Without insulin, sugar can build up in your blood, causing negative effects on your eyes, heart, kidneys and overall health.

There are two kinds of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2.

TYPE 1

According to the American Diabetes Association, only about 5% of people with diabetes have Type 1. It is usually diagnosed in children and young adults and is a condition in which the body doesn’t produce insulin, the hormone needed to break down sugar (glucose) in your blood.

TYPE 2

The majority of people diagnosed with diabetes has Type 2. It is a condition in which the body can’t properly use insulin and therefore glucose (sugar) levels in the body rise. When glucose builds in your body it starves the body of energy and over time can cause health problems such as:

  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Eye disease (that can lead to blindness)
  • Kidney disease
  • Numbness of feet

Luckily, both types can be treated. And, specifically for Type 2, there are some simple ways to lower your risk, including maintaining a healthy weight and getting regular exercise. Here are some resources to review if you are concerned about it.

Find out your risk for Type 2 diabetes
Prevent Type 2
What to do if diagnosed with Type 2
What do your blood sugar numbers mean?
Living with Type 1 diabetes

Have questions? Schedule time with an AIM physician today.

*sources for screening and content include: American Diabetes Association